Systems Energy Assessment - SEA    site relocated to


  • The world standard method for counting the energy use of businesses, following the ISO governmental standards, as applies in LCA and GHG measurements of environmental impacts, count the fuels purchased for production goods but not the fuels purchased for production services.
  • This is the difference it makes, a change of ~500% in the scale attributable business energy costs and environmental impacts.

(from the SEA study of a typical industrial business, a wind farm in Texas)
Slide 2

(when you attribute the environmental impacts of business to how the parts work together, rather than to its mechanical parts as previously been done, and so, to the organization that makes a business productive, rather than the tools the organization uses)